Buy Egyptian gifts and souvenirs online. Papyrus, silver jewellery, statues and egyptian cotton t-shirtsEgypt Gift Shop

Unique Ancient Egyptian and personalized gifts and an online travel guide since 2003

Javascript DHTML Drop Down Menu Powered by




Egypt Mosques

The Al-Azhar Mosque

The Al-Azhar Mosque (the most blooming), established in 972 (361 H) in a porticoed style shortly after the founding of Cairo itself, was originally designed by the Fatimid general Jawhar El-Sequili (Gawhara Qunqubay, 
Gawhar al-Sakkaly) and built on the orders of Caliph Muezz Li-Din Allah. Located in the center of an area teaming with the most beautiful Islamic 
monuments from the 10th century, it was called "Al-Azhar" after Fatama  al-Zahraa, daughter of the Prophet Mohamed (Peace and Prayers Be Upon 
Him). It imitated both the Amr Ibn El-As and Ibn Tulun mosques. The first  Fatimid monument in Egypt, the Azhar was both a meeting place for Shi'a 
students and through the centuries, it has remained a focal point of the  famous university which has grown up around it. It was under Yaqoub Ibn  Cals that the mosque became a teaching institute.

This is the oldest university in the world, where the first lecture was delivered in 975 AD.  Today the university built around the Mosque is the most prestigious of  Muslim schools, and its students are highly esteemed for their traditional training. While ten thousand students once studied here, today the university classes are conducted in adjacent buildings and the Mosque is reserved for prayer. In addition to the religious studies, modern schools of medicine, science and foreign languages have also been added. 
Architecturally, the mosque is a palimpsest of all styles and influences that have passed through Egypt, with a large part of it having been  renovated by Abdarrahman Khesheda. There are five very fine minarets with  small balconies and intricately carved columns. It has six entrances, with  the main entrance being the 18th Century Bab el-Muzayini (barber's gate),  where students were once shaved. This gate leads into a small courtyard  and then into the Aqbaughawiya Medersa to the left, which was built in  1340 and serves as a library. On the right is the Taybarsiya Medersa built  in 1310 which has a very fine mihrab. The Qaitbay Entrance was built in  1469 and has a minaret built atop. Inside is a large courtyard that is 275  by 112 feet which is surrounded with porticos supported by over three hundred marble columns of ancient origin. To the east is the prayer hall  which is larger than the courtyard and has several rows of columns. The Kufic inscription on the interior of the mihrab is original, though the mihrab has been modified several times, and behind is a hall added in 1753  by Abd el-Rahman Katkhuda. At the northern end is the tomb medersa of  Jawhar El-Sequili. 
See Additional Information on the Al Azhar Complex 

Back to Mosques in Egypt


Egypt Gift Shop

Online shopping since 2003


Copyright 2003-2016
Owner M.R Web design services
Goods and services provided by Egypt gift shop (Egypt) Sold by Inc. (Ohio, USA)
Web hosting by Alexwave


Papyrus paintings
Portrait on Papyrus
Egyptian silver jewelry
Egyptian silver cartouche
Personalized gifts
Egyptian cotton T shirts
Egyptian cotton sweatshirts

French Chocolate
Online Florists
Flowers care tips
Flowers joy of life
Egypt DVDs
Crystal gifts
Christmas gifts
Exotic Gifts
Baby gift store

Watches from Amazon


Egyptian History articles
Egyptian pyramids
Papyrus history
Ancient Egyptian Gods
Egyptian jewelry
Egyptian cotton
Egypt Islamic history
Coptic history of Egypt
Egyptian Book of the Dead
Ancient Egypt Books
Egypt travel guide
Egyptian cities
Sharm El Sheikh
Port Said

Egypt information
Egypt weather
Distances between Egyptian cities
Egyptian museum
Grand Egyptian Museum
Egyptian money
Egyptian food
Egyptian newspapers
Egypt phone calls
Egypt Air
Airlines offices in Egypt
Airline ticket reservation
Cheap holidays to Egypt
Holiday budget tips

Translate from English to Arabic

Egypt hotels
Cairo hotels
Alexandria hotels
Aswan hotels
Luxor hotels
Sharm el Sheikh hotels
Dahab hotels
Hurghada hotels
Taba hotels
Port Said hotels

Diving in Sharm El Sheikh
Islamic sites
Islamic charity organizations
Pictures of Ancient Egypt
Photos of Modern Egypt

Advertising opportunities
Contact us